The project is a territorial-urban category. Montreux and its area are world famous. The city benefits from a variety of rather unique features: its landscape, history, links with the arts (literature, painting, music) and its role in organizing international exchanges.
The location of project is Montreux “Les Grands Prés”.
The site of project is 2.5 ha.
The objective of the project is a neighbourhood development. The development of a new community, a new way of urban design, linked to the surrounding landscape and using new transforming tools.
The project must find a new village entity.
The main topics considered in the proposal are:
1)Safeguarding urban, architectural and landscape qualities
2)Preserving social diversity and attracting a younger population
3)Creating quality public spaces
4)Development and transport adapted to the sites;
5)Integrating sustainable development and quality of life.
The “Grands Prés” site has a particular topography and landscape that are atypical in the Montreux context.
Located on the Clarens-Chailly development axis. This area provides the best conditions for a quality development project: easy access, good public transport, public facilities and services nearby. Whereas the territory is generally opening towards the Lemanic basin, the perimeter under consideration is coiled in a ground fold leaning against the Leppes hill, turning its back to the lake.
The chosen growing tool is the result of the analysis done over the city of Montreux. Considering different urban developments along history, we choose the model closer to the compact city.
We understand the city as a dynamic open process that is close to the compact city model, with a great diversity, mixture and density of uses, raising the information exchange and generating a complex organization. This high density optimizes the ground occupation, reduces pressure over agricultural land, decreases movement of people and driving accidents, makes public transport rentable and creates urban areas with activities that allow commercial and cultural exchanges. We understand sustainability as high density.
We translate the compact city model through the concept of the fractal geometry. This development process, through fractals, answers very well to the concepts of city density and intensity. After having interacted with the surrounding city the fractal fills the plot with a new concept of density.
Our proposal talks about a fractal density. The proposal must provide sustainability and balance between the different parts of the project.
Our growing system is based on the definition of the fractal pattern evolution in the existing city. And application of the fractal pattern in the case study area. We study the connection with the existing frame; we make a classification of nodes: basic elements and collective public loading.
The layout of the different parts of the new neighbourhood is the result of the different iterations done in the fractal. One based on the plot limits and the other one depending from the level curves.
Once the elements are laid on the plot, they must in the satisfy the sustainable and city model conditions: Connectivity (hierarchy, reach, orientation, accesibility), Livelyness (diversity, interaction, overlap) and Identity (authenticity, unicity, multiplicity).
The fractal geometry must give answer to a programmatic situation. The proposed program for montreux combines residential uses (private, assisted and public), with public uses: economical, cultural and infrastructural activities.
In the process of locating the program in the plot, the classification of both the program and the space must be considered. The program is placed in the plot depending on the nodes, its connection with Montreux and the hybridation density. The public space is classified and connected with the private space using Jan Gehl’s structure: private-semiprivate-public-territorial links.
Finally information related to identity are considered. The project must gather the morphology of the place, the way as people feel intentified with their city and the anchor points placed in the surroundings, in Montreux the lake and the mountain.
Antonio Galiano Garrigós.